Knitting Help – German Short Rows

Knitting Help – German Short Rows

[music] in this video i’m going to demonstrate german
short rows. i’m going to demonstrate it in a couple of
different ways. first, straight up german short rows, and
then i’ll also show you how to substitute german short rows for regular wraps and turns
in socks. because it ends up being a little bit different. and i’ve had so many requests for this! i’m guessing that a pattern must have come
out recently, a popular pattern that uses german short rows. because i’ve just had so many requests for
it kind of all in the same week. i wasn’t familiar with it. i learned this technique so that i can show
it to you, and it’s kind of strange, because it seems like cheating! [laughs] short rows should be harder than this! i’m not entirely sure why it works, but it
works, and it looks really good, and it might change the face of workign short rows from
here on out. talk is cheap. let’s go ahead and take a look. here’s a little piece that i’ve worked with
just straight flat knitting with german short rows in it. i should mention this piece is not blocked,
and it still looks so good. you can see somethign going on here with the
tension, but really all that’s going to block out once i get this piece wet and wash it. and here is the back. this little bit here is where i wove in the
end. this looks really good. like i said, i don’t know why it works [laughs]. but it works! okay, let me demonstrate. this is just a plain piece of knitting. i’m goign to show you how to work german short
rows on both the front and back of the work. the right and wrong sides. if you’re substituting these in a pattern,
that normally calls fro wraps and turns, if the pattern says “knit 8, wrap and turn”,
you want to knit 9. this is actually going to be the stitch that
ends up being the german short row. let me say this again. so i worked up to the stitch that would normally
require the wrap. turn the work. my working yarn is in front, i am on the wrong
side so that seems right. i’m going to slip that stitch from the left
needle to the right. and this is the unique part of this. i’m going to pull up on that stitch, where
the working yarn is attached, and it gives me two stitches. and this is funny, because this is something
that i would normally do ever do, because beginning knitters do this all the time and
they end up increasing their work. but this is how this works! you pull up, you give yourself two loops where
there was one stitch, and then yarn forward to purl across this row. and again, if the pattern says “purl 8, wrap
and turn”, you’ll want to purl 9. you want to be right on the stitch that requires
the wrap and turn. so i worked up to the stitch where i would
normally put the wrap and turn, but it’s going to be a german short row. i turn the work. i pull the yarn forward between the two needles. slip that stitch from the left to the right. and then pull up on that stitch again. it looks a little different on this side. but it still works. then i’m going to knit across to the next
spot. i’ll show you this one more time, then i’ll
show you how to pick up the wraps. [laughs] pick up the wraps is in quotation
marks. because we’re not really doing that! knit up to the stitch. turn your work. my working yarn is already in front. i slip that stitch, pull up on it, and then
pull the yarn forward to purl to my next wrap. wrap. turn the work. pull the yarn forward. slip that stitch. pull up on that stitch to make it look wonky. and then knit to the next…next whatever
you’re supposed to be doing, but i’m going to show you how to pick up the wraps. okay. here is the first german short row not-wrap
that i come to. and it’s kind of a double looking funny stitch. i’m going to knit those two together. and that’s it. that is it. i’m going to pick up the rest of them. that’s a regular stitch. here’s another funny double stitch. knit it together. and this one is just two stitches. okay, that was how you – that’s how you pick
up the wraps in german short rows! you knit the two halves together! crazy. see? i tell you, it’s too easy. now i’m going to show you how to do it on
the wrong side. when i come up to the first crazy looking double
stitch, which is right here. i’m going to purl those two together. and that’s a normal stitch. here’s another crazy looking stitch, i’m going
to purl those two together. purl 1. i told you…it’s too easy. look how good that looks. okay, really quickly, i want to show you – first,
compared to a traditional wrap and turn. this is a traditional wrap and turn. on a sock toe. i think it looks good, i think the little
holes look decorative. and this is a german short row substituted
for the same thing. it actually looks more solid because there
are no holes. i’m going to try to get this into position
so i can hold it still! i know i’m wiggling around. okay. this is german short rows, this is wrap and
turn. the german short row looks more solid, and
i can tell you by feeling it, it’s not as bulky as the wrap and turn. the wrap and turns have a purl 3 and knit
3 together when you’re picking up the double wraps, and that’s probably why. okay, i’ll show you. if you’re substituting german short rows for
regular wraps and turns, there is a time when you’re working socks, or the toes of socks,
where the pattern tells you to put a second wrap on the next stitch. and i want to show you what that looks like. i already hvae the double stitches here, i’ve
worked my short rows. i am now at the point of the toe of my sock
where i want to start picking up the wraps. and putting a second wrap on the next stitch. so i’m going to knit those two together. because that’s my first turn. and then i’m going to knit the next two together
as well. turn the work. slip that stitch. and this is the way i would do it in german
short rows for putting a second wrap on the stitch. you just knit that stitch, and do the german
short row technique on that stitch. and it ends up looking good, as you just saw. so here’s my first double stitch. i’ll purl those together. the pattern tells me to wrap the next stitch. i’m just going to purl those together, turn
the work. and do the german short row technique by putting
the yarn in front, slipping that stitch, and yanking up on that stitch. and then working across to the next one. and this is a normal provisional cast on,
toe up pattern, where i’ll keep going one stitch further each time. and putting a second wrap on the next stitch. if’ you’re familiar with this kind of toe,
this is all making a lot of sense. if you’re not, i’ll give you a link to some
of my patterns that use this technique in the video description field below. i hope that answers all of your questions
on german short rows, good luck. [whooshing sounds] [music]

100 thoughts on “Knitting Help – German Short Rows

  1. Hi Staci! First, I just want to say that I love your tutorials. I was so excited to see this video today. I have been trying to get a 10 stitch blanket started with needle knitting (it is much easier on a loom which is how I learned to do the 10 stitch first). I watched this video and started doing the 10 stitch with these German Short Rows instead of wrap and turns and it is SO much easier – you are totally right – it feels like cheating and I kept thinking "No way will this work" but it does! I figured out how to do it on my own, but a recap video with these short rows in place of the wrap and turns might be beneficial for some viewers. I'm part of a few knitting groups on Facebook and I know questions about this pattern come up ALL the time. Just a thought! Love your videos!! Happy New Year!

  2. Thank you for all your work in 2014 –  Staci you keep me learning new techniques and new challenges and now I am teaching my daughters as well. Have a great 2015!

  3. Happy New Year! I have been hesitant to even attempt a pair of socks, but with this looking so easy, I might give it a go! Thank you 🙂

  4. OMG! Thank you thank you thank you! Every time you've asked for suggestions for tutorials (that I have seen) I have suggested this because there are NO good, clear, descriptive German short row tutorials for sock heels that I could find. It's also called a yo-yo heel, a jo-jo heel, and a double stitch short row heel. So THANK YOU, once again, for a video that I can share with all of my friends that is exceptionally explanatory and detailed that they can use to make awesome short rows too!

  5. Thank you, Staci!  I was so excited to try the German Short Row technique that I decided to incorporate it into my first attempt at knitting socks.  It's also my first attempt to knit two-at-a-time socks using Magic Loop, though not my first time using Magic Loop in a project.  I decide to use your pattern for Bulky Sleep Socks, since they knit up even faster than the worsted weight sock pattern used in your "2 Socks at-a-Time, Toe-Up, Magic Loop" video.  I've gotten through the cast on and the first 2 short rows of the toes of the Bulky Sleep Sock pattern using the German Short Row technique instead of the Wrap & Turns, but I've run into some uncertaintly on Row 3 of the Short Row Toe section where it says "K to second-to-last stitch, w&t."  The last "stitch" looks like 2 stitches, due to the German Short Row technique used on Row 2.  So do I count that as one stitch or two stitches when I'm deciding what is the "second-to-last stitch"?  Also, since you work one more stitch when doing GSR than you do when doing W&T, do I knit up to just before that wonky stitch that looks like two stitches, or do I work up to the stitch before the wonky double-stitch?  Finally, since I have to do the second sock before turning my work, what do I do at that point?  Do the stitches remaining on the left needle just get slipped to the right needle and "hang out" there while I do the second sock?  Sorry so many questions at once!  Alternatively, would you consider doing a "2 Sockes at-a-Time, Toe Up, Magic Loop, German Short Row" video, so we can see everything incorporated together?  (I've got both your GSR video and your 2AATTUML video open on my computer screen, trying to "merge" them in my knitting for this project as I go along, but it's a bit tricky, and I'm not confident I'm getting all the steps right!
    In any event, many thanks for your awesome videos!  They are my "go to" resource out of all the knitting videos out there because they are so clearly explained, and easy to see and follow. 🙂
    Happy New Year!

  6. Excellent!  I am going to have to try this ASAP.  I've crashed and burned countless times trying to make short row heels (I'm not fond of the flap type heels), and it's the increase back that causes the carnage.

    Despite excellent lighting and magnifying specs I'm damned if I can see the wraps in order to pick them up properly when using dark yarn, so that method is not for me.  I came across another method which uses numerous yarn-overs, and while they're easy for me to see the increase back involves "purl 3 tog tbl", which is a manoeuvre invented by Satan.

    I'm a very loose knitter, so to achieve an appropriately firm fabric with most sock yarns I need to use 1.50 to 1.75 mm pins.  This is not a problem until "purl 3 tog tbl" comes at me smoking and stinking of brimstone.  I end up with needles as bent as I am and either split or dropped stitches.  Practicing with heavier yarn and much larger needles is no better, except the larger needles don't require my inexpert attempts to straighten them.  I have not completed this manoeuvre successfully, not even once.

    Thank you for this video and your clear instructions.

  7. Never done the short row toe version of toe-up.  Partly overawed by short rows and partly worried about bulk.  Thank you for being so clear — you really point out how it will be less bulky. 

    Short rows were on my "new things to try in 2015" list.  Thanks for making it so appealing!

  8. I'm so glad you put theIs technique video up!! I tried your wrap and turn scarf and just could get the "pick up" part right. I just purchased your Two Socks at a Time on. Magic Loop pattern but have been putting it off because of the "pick up" part. Watched this video 4 or 5 times (I think I got it now), took notes, and am now going to make my 1st knit socks! So excited! Thank you so much!!

  9. Thank you so much for sharing this video.  How amazing it is that you will learn a new technique just to help others!

  10. This seems much too simple. Love the technique. My question: do you prefer this or the Japanese Short Row technique? Why?

  11. A question about using this technique in your toe-up, two-socks-at-a-time pattern.  I just purchased it, love the pattern and LOVE doing two socks at a time, but it seems that I'd have to do the toe and heel "wrap" sections of each sock separately, in order to be able to turn and work the German short rows (or Japanese short rows).   Am I right that I'd need to change to dpns for these sections only?

  12. Ay ay ay, that makes my brain hurt! OK, i'm gonna practice a few toes, 'cause i just bought your bulky sleep socks pattern, and i think i'd like to make them with this type of short row. Here goes!…. 🙂

  13. Staci! I found a way to get used to keeping the counts right when sub'ing these for regular W&Ts.  I call them Wonky Turns! Since I usually talk to myself when doing a particular stitch combo, this is how I did the rows of the toe/heel in the pattern, for example: K until there are 3 left, Wonky Turn (in the next st). Purl until there are 3 left, Wonky Turn (in the next st). That verbal count also worked on the way back "picking up the wraps." It looks fantastic….and now I'm on the easy part, back w the MC. Whew!

  14. I prefer the Germain Short-Row (GSR) to all the others. The one other thing that would be helpful is to learn how to fix the stitch of a GSR that accidentally jumps off your right needle so that you don't have to frog all the way back to re-do the stitch.

  15. What the HECK??? My brain is struggling to comprehend this way too simple idea. I have more half finished socks than would be proper to even admit to. What they all have in common is that the W/T is where they stop.
    I am sincerely stunned to realize I may actually be able to finish them. I didn't even realize how much sadness I have about the basket of them sitting in the cupboard and how many times and ways I have tried to learn how to w/t.
    This is huge for me, thank you so much!

  16. thank you for this technique! I am finishing up my first pair of two at a time magic loop toe ups from your pattern and i did the toes with wrap and turn but i switched to this for the heels and I like this much better! They both came out nice but the heels were much faster to work.

  17. I just thought of an idea that would help folks like me who need quite a bit of direction to learn a new technique. When you make these kinds of videos, it would be cool if you had directions in the description for a mini practice project. For example for these short rows maybe one of the sample sized toes you do for your regular sock videos. I'm someone (and I'm sure there are more like me out there.) who likes to practice on old yarn before dedicating a new technique to real yarn. Having a simple row by row guide in the description like how you do for dish clothes in your fancy stitch series would be of great value to someone like me!

  18. I found your work with short rows much easy to follow… but I would like to know who you did the raglan sleeves on the knitted jacket you are wearing..I love the loops on the edge of the raglan.. Thanks you for your videos..

  19. I am a little curious about that "yank on the stitch to create a double stitch".  This yanked stitch is treated as one stitch.  What happens if you don't yank at all and just knit it as if it was yanked.  I hope his question did not make me look like an idiot.

  20. Staci, as always, you are right on the money!  Thank you for all you do to help us who don't understand!!!!!

  21. the reason everyone wanted GSR demos from you is for that DreamBird shawl that calls for massive GSR and double GSRs …

  22. Thanks ever so, Traci — because I am one of those knitters who does not enjoy traditional wraps on short rows. I succeeded in doing them, but I did not like them. German short rows look so much easier to do, so I'm going to incorporate this technique in my next pair of 2-at-a-time-toe-up socks. 🙂

  23. +VeryPink Knits say I wanna knit a strapless bra (for the top part of a strapless dress), with a straight column in the middle. Should I work each boob at a time (haha boob is so much less 'motherly' than 'breast'; I love thatword, hope u don't mind my using it) and then join the 2 pieces or I can go across the entire piece making the short rows on both sides of each boob (as if making a sock heel, but actually 2 on the same piece)? Hope the question is clear enough…. Thanx

  24. This is brilliant. I've worked several heels subbing GSR for the written pattern instructions while watching your video. It works so well! Thank you!

  25. Thank you so much for your video. I looked at several others before I found yours that makes perfect sense. I am new at knitting socks and was using a Germany pattern because I am vacationing in Germany and it wasn't making sense until I persisted at watching videos until I found yours. Thanks again.

  26. what size doubled pointed needles are used for knitting a pair of socks?. I am beginner with double pointed needles. Thank you, Cowboysladee.

  27. Thanks so much for a great tutorial! I just worked my first section of short rows for a baby hat and they look perfect!

  28. could German short rows be used in the ten stitch blanket?? what are your thoughts? love you tutorials by the way:)

  29. Excellent, clear instructions and video. No 'waffle' just the business of the short rows – thank you! I am knitting the Wingspan shawl and this has helped immensely.

  30. The reason you're seeing these requests is bc of a German shawl pattern on Ravelry called Dreambird, by Nadita Swings. It's very beautiful and makes use of German short rows.

  31. This is such a great video! You are adorable…. I too am in "awe" of the german short rows. :))))

  32. Thank you the lessons are so great and I have learned so much watching I play over several times it's nice .I am a quilter of 50 years and crochet also a novice sis gave me circle needles so it's got me going .have a very bad back and am down a lot.l knit in bed and love the tutorials on's like my own private teacher.I enjoyed the interviews you did with judy also.I admire you both.I do all crafts and did work in a shop when I was younger I am 69.I did needlework classes.needlepoint etc.I am so happy to see all the wonderful art of needlework still alive in so many forms.I want to knit a estonia type shawl.and socks also need to do some Afghan.I wish I could give you more support but we are retired on fixed a great teacher,good sense of humor too so fun.I am doing the Romeo teddy bear now learned how to do a m1 thought I would never get it.after 6 yrs I get it perfect..Love [email protected] HAppy knitting from your newest fan.

  33. Thank you for this tutorial! The German short-rows look a lot more like the socks my great grandma used to knit than the other types of short-rows I've seen tutorials for. Maybe now I'll gather the courage to knit a pair!

  34. Are German short rows similar to shadow wrap short rows? Shadow wrap seems to create the double stitches a slightly different way.

  35. Spend lots of time watching you. What is the pattern of the sweater you have on. I love it. Would like a little longer sleeve. I visit Austin frequently to visit my son. Do you have a shop or what.

  36. explanation of how these short rows Work compared to wrap and turns:
    the point of doing a special stitch at the end of a short row is to prevent a jog, and therefore a hole in the work when the stitch is picked up. the reason that there would be a jog if you turned a short row without making a special stitch, is that you would have knit the same stitch two more rows than the stitch beside it ; thus creating a small edge. it's a similar reason to why you have a bump where you join in the round.
    wrap&turns solve this issue by wrapping the yarn around the un-knit stitch. when you pick up the wrap, it turns into a stitch from the row you made it, bridging the gap between all the rows.
    the way that German short rows work is by tightening the stitch. those "two stitches" created when the yarn is pulled back are actually the two legs of the loop which is the previous knit stitch. you pull back on the yarn until the stitch barely exists, so that the jog will be small enough that it will blend into the fabric.

  37. Staci, to help me understand fully so that I can substitute GSR for W/T: If any pattern calls for W/T, then I should follow pattern BUT knit one extra stitch instead of doing the W/T; turn work, slip first stitch, pull up on it, and proceed purling to end of row.
    I do understand how to "pick up" the "wraps" in GSR, but I want to be sure I understand how to substitute GSR for W/T in any pattern. Thank you, as always, for your great videos.

  38. I'm not really understanding how one peice made with the short rows lays flat, while the other piece is curved/scooped (like for the toe or heel of a sock) How exactly are the short rows used differently to create a flat or curved/scooped piece? :/

  39. how would you pick up a droped GSR. in your work? I've had to restart a toe about 8 times because I drop GSR and don't know how to pick it back up

  40. Well this is the very first time I can actually say I am glad I was sick today so I could stay in bed and prowl the web for knitting videos to pass the time! Your videos are great. Thank you SO much for sharing. I look forward to viewing more and definitely sharing you on social media!!!

  41. I really value and appreciate your tutorials. You are such a professional, and you make everything that seems hard, seem so much easier. You are literally, my favorite instructor. Thank you.

  42. The reason it works is that is exactly the same as a Japanese Short Row but done in one step. GSR are wonderful. Thanks for your video.

  43. Could you show how to fix/repair a dropped double stitch? I believe you would be the first because I've searched and searched for that help.

  44. Thank you so much for this tutorial. W&T has confused me so much and looked so crappy every time I have tried it. The German short rows are so much nicer and neater and easier. And your instructions are SO CLEAR! I love your videos. Thank you so much for sharing!

  45. My GSR turns from knit>purl row always look neater than the turns from purl>knit row (which usually has what looks like a little third strand in the V of the stitch, and is slightly bigger than all the other stitches). The yarn wrap that creates the double stitch also feels much more natural. But I've seen perfectly invisible GSR's before, and I've even created them myself; I'm just not sure how to replicate what I did before! Any suggestions for neatening up the purl>knit row turns?

    Thanks for the wonderfully informative videos and for helping us all in the comments. I've been knitting since I was 4 and I've still learned a BUNCH from you! 😀

  46. Thank you for the clear and even entertaining videos. I am a beginner Continental knitter and after I worked out how to translate the English style into mine I do not have to look any further. All I need to learn is on your website.

  47. I love watching your videos. The pace is perfect and your explanations are so clear. Short rows are so intimidating to me, but I can't wait to try them now. Thanks so much!!

  48. Thanks for putting together this video! It (your video) is actually referred by Ravelry for the 3 in 1 Boot (slipper). I'm on the very first line of the instruction (Yup, it calls for it at the onset of the pattern, the very 1st stitch, which has me super confused… lol). Wish me luck! Thanks again, for the clear instruction!

  49. Do you go back and forth and pick them up 1 each row or do you do them all in one sweep for one side and then all the rest on the other as shown here?

  50. Picking up the wraps on a heel – would you knit to first “wrapped stitch” knit it together, turn the work and slip it back over and purl to the next “wrapped” stitch on the other side? Or knit to the end? I have multiple wrapped stitches in a row at each end.

  51. Hello Stacy,
    I bought the pattern for your bulky sleep socks and am having a lot of trouble with the wrap and turns. I was wondering if there was a way of substituting them for german short rows which are much easier in my opinion. I see online that people say it is possible, but I just don't understand how to make the substitution. I already made your cuff down socks with your Learn to knit socks pattern. I really hope you can help, thank you! 🙂

  52. I searched for wrap and turns to remind myself how to do them for a baby sweater I am working on. I had never heard of Japanese or German short rows, but they came up in my search so I watched them. Why would anyone ever do a wrap and turn? This technique is invisible!

  53. Can german short rows worked in odd or even amounts of stitches or is there unknown rule knitters need to follow; I'm asking because I really really want to tackle a pair of socks as a project for myself.

  54. I'm still having trouble…on the knit side, I bring the yarn to the front, slip purlwise, and pull up. But when I pull up, it does not create a double stitch. I don't know what I'm doing wrong.

  55. I'm glad that I'm not the only one, who doesn't understand why these work. Maybe one day… Thank you.
    My first socks were just "turn, & go back". It worked, & no holes. That must be the simplest way. At the time I didn't know that there was any other way. Oh…ignorance is bliss. :))

  56. OMG. You have saved me. I have been struggling with a capped sleeve that has insane instructions. After ripping it back untold times, trying all different methods that all looked like crap, this popped up in the side bar on YouTube and seems like the answer! Thank you Staci! ❤️

  57. Thank you, thank you, thank you! I am so delighted to learn this. It is so easy. Thank you so much for teaching this!

  58. Thank you so much for the very clear instructions. I was getting confused looking at other videos. I'm still a little confused about how to translate this into a pattern that calls for regular wrap and turn but I'll work on it. Thanks again!

  59. Bom dia 👸🏻 princesa! Por gentileza bote o vídeo para traduzir no idioma português (Brasil) pq não sabemos falar o seu idioma aí então vai ficar melhor pra acompanhar o seu trabalho e sermos sua seguidoras. Desde já peço desculpa por ser tão sincera. Aguardo resposta. 😘bj e um abençoado domingo pra vc 💐👋👋

  60. Hello, I am trying to swap the wrap and turns the pattern calls for for the GSR, and I understand that you add one extra stitch before you GSR than the pattern had called for – do you also do this when it says ‘knit to 4 sts before the wrapped stitch’? So I would knit to 3 sts before? Or do I keep it as 4? Thank you! 😊

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *